By LURIE DANIEL FAVORS and L. JOY WILLIAMS
(Appeared in the Aug. 31, 2017 online version of the Amsterdam News)
Restorative Justice: Traditional approaches to justice tend to focus solely on crime and punishment and can frequently result in excessive sentencing and wrongful convictions. These policies send thousands of people of color to prison with little regard for the devastating impact that can have on the community. Conversely, restorative justice seeks to repair the harm caused by crime in a way that balances the need for justice with centering the community’s need to heal. How will these candidates center restorative justice as part of the justice seeking paradigm in Brooklyn?
Juvenile Justice: The school to prison pipeline is a combination of school-based policies and procedures (such as zero tolerance programs that criminalize minor rule infractions) that funnel Black and Brown youth into the criminal justice system. How will candidates use their position to balance holding young people accountable for their crimes with reducing the over-criminalization of Black and Brown youth?
In addition to these key areas, audience members will have an opportunity to submit questions for the candidates. What strikes you as the most pressing issue for these candidates to consider? What policies would you like to see the DA’s office implement? The forum will provide an opportunity for the candidates to hear from the public.
Now, more than ever, all politics is local. In light of the current tumultuous political environment, it can feel difficult to exercise the all-important people power. We invite you to attend the forum to do just that Thursday, Sept. 7, 2017, 6 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. at Medgar Evers College, EOJ Auditorium, 1638 Bedford Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y. Space is limited so visit: BROOKLYNNAACP.ORG/BKDANIGHT to reserve your ticket.
We, the people, have the power to shape justice in Brooklyn. Join us.
Lurie Daniel Favors, Esq. is the general counsel at the Center for Law and Social Justice at Medgar Evers College, CUNY and L. Joy Williams is president of Brooklyn NAACP.
Social reformer, abolitionist, writer, and statesman, Frederick Douglass was a fiery orator and his speeches were often published in various abolitionist newspapers. Among his well-known speeches is “The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro,” presented in Rochester, New York, on July 5, 1852, a version of which he published as a booklet.
In his speech Douglass delivered a scathing attack on the hypocrisy of a nation celebrating freedom and independence with speeches, parades and platitudes, while, within its borders, nearly four million humans were being kept as slaves.
Today as we commemorate Independence Day, we hope you will take the time to read Douglass’ remarks and reflect on its meaning, both then and now.
Mr. President, Friends and Fellow Citizens:
He who could address this audience without a quailing sensation, has stronger nerves than I have. I do not remember ever to have appeared as a speaker before any assembly more shrinkingly, nor with greater distrust of my ability, than I do this day. A feeling has crept over me quite unfavorable to the exercise of my limited powers of speech. The task before me is one which requires much previous thought and study for its proper performance. I know that apologies of this sort are generally considered flat and unmeaning. I trust, however, that mine will not be so considered. Should I seem at ease, my appearance would much misrepresent me. The little experience I have had in addressing public meetings, in country school houses, avails me nothing on the present occasion.
The Center for Law and Social Justice is pleased to introduce our 2017 Summer Law Interns.
The interns work alongside CLSJ staff on policy, advocacy, research, and litigation initiatives. Summer interns are integral to all aspects of CLSJ’s work, including programmatic and strategic planning. The interns will experience an intellectually stimulating and exciting summer including a number of trips and learning excursions as part of their internship experience.
Meet our 2017 intern class:
T’Ajai Carrington, Penn State Law
T’Ajai Carrington is a rising second year law student at Penn State Law, a Charlotte, NC native and alumna of UNC Charlotte. Ms. Carrington is a strong advocate for social justice and looks forward to using her law degree to serve her community. In her spare time, Ms. Carrington loves taking her two dogs to the park or catching a Boston Celtics game on TV.
Kyung “Candice” Lee,Benjamin Cardozo School of Law
Kyung “Candice” Lee is a rising second year law student at Benjamin Cardozo School of Law, a first-generation immigrant and has called Brooklyn home for the past six years. Ms. Lee graduated from NYU with a bachelor’s degree in Applied Psychology, focusing on domestic violence and racial disparity in the criminal justice system. Her passion for public policy and social justice started with her interest in therapy treatment for disadvantaged communities.
Taylor Armstrong, Fordham University School of Law
Taylor Armstrong is a rising third year law student at Fordham University School of Law and holds a chemistry degree from Howard University. He is passionate about civil rights and criminal justice, and he desires to start his own criminal defense practice. He also has a passion for technology and using his intellectual property background assisting several startup ventures. Taylor is sports enthusiast who loves playing and watching basketball and soccer.
by Lurie Daniel Favors, Esq.
Wealth and Debt in Black Communities:
“If current economic trends continue, the average [B]lack household will need 228 years to accumulate as much wealth as their [W]hite counterparts hold today.” Joshua Holland, The Nation Magazine
When economist, author and former President of Bennett College, Dr. Julianne Malveaux, appeared in CNN’s documentary Black in America: Almighty Debt, she noted that personal and community wealth are based on cross-generational accumulation. Which means your personal and community wealth are supposed to grow when passed down from one generation to the next. According to Professor Steven Rogers:
Inter-generational wealth is “the monster wealth that started three, four, five of more generations ago and has been multiplying ever since; the kind of wealth that could, if the market conditions were right, start a retail chain, or buy swaths of real estate in the hottest market and develop a commercial residential complex or three.”
A Post 11/9 Election Communiqué
by Esmeralda Simmons, Esq.
“Ain’t gonna let nobody turn me around, I’m gonna keep on talkin’, keep on walkin’, walkin’ up to Freedomland.”
Traditional Freedom Song
“We who believe in Freedom cannot rest…”
Bernice Johnson Reagon, Sweet Honey in the Rock
In turbulent times like these, I turn to freedom songs to ground myself. I hold onto who and where we are as African descendant people. I look at the present through the perspective of our history. I glance again at our goals for the future—keeping my eyes on the prize.
Admittedly, after the election on 11/9, our immediate prospects look glum. Once again, racial animus is raw in this country. Donald Trump, a man exulted in the United States by Neo-Nazis, the Klu Klux Klan, and ultra-extreme conservatives who dub themselves as the “alt right,” is now the President Elect. The same nation that elected Barack Obama to be its first Black President, has now elected his 180° opposite.
The 11/9 presidential election was a shock to many African Descendant people in the U.S. Metaphorically, and maybe literally, it was a hard slap to our face by the proverbial “Miss Ann.” After the initial shock, we engaged in a lot of “wringing of hands” and “gnashing of teeth.” We questioned, we analyzed, we asked “How could this have happened?”
The blatant racism of then candidate Trump’s rhetoric, and the recent rash of hate crimes his rhetoric spawned, signal the dawn of another era of racist, xenophobic, anti-immigrant, anti-Muslim, misogynistic, anti-LGBT, and anti-“differently-abled” actions and policies. We are in the early stages of a 21st century White American backlash to the post-Civil Rights period – a period that brought expanded rights to a host of “different” American citizens and residents. This new era will be much like the post Reconstruction era when White terrorism against Black people, and wholesale mob and public lynchings, were societal norms in the U.S.
By now, the sobering reality has set in and the new inquiry naturally emerges, “What now? What is in store for us?” Out of our questioning, an implicit answer has become apparent: “It’s about us! Now more than ever, our focus must be about African descendant people in the U.S., and beyond, having a collective viewpoint. It’s about our concern for, and action on behalf of, what we used to call “the Race.”
In recent years, due to the work of Michelle Alexander and others, our community has a greater understanding of “The New Jim Crow” and the mass incarceration of Black folks in the US. Also, Ava DuVernay’s 2016 documentary 13th has effectively broadened our understanding of this modern-day assault against African Descendants in this country. We’re clearer now so post 11/9, our communities best be prepared to face Jim Crow 2.0 which will result in an exponentially increased number of attacks against us as a people.
The good news is that African Descendant people in the U.S will persevere. We’ve come this way before. We are the masters of intelligent resistance: on the continent, the slave ships, the Caribbean breaking grounds, the Wall Street auction blocks, the plantations, in every US war, during post-Reconstruction, through Jim Crow, through the Civil Rights Movement, and as Abolitionists. When “we” recognize a new major societal attack, “we” join forces and collectively resist and persevere.
This time, the first wave of the attack is most likely to be an economic one. Resources, funded by our tax–paying dollars (upon which African Descendant people have long relied) may vanish or be severely reduced. Federal jobs and block grants to states which convert to state and local government jobs will likely be cut. Further cuts may be attempted in federal government aid programs such as SNAP (Food Stamps), free school lunches, federal homeless aid, health care subsidies to states (Medicare, Medicaid, Obamacare), and social security aid to the differently disabled. Many in our community have grown accustomed to these governmental safety nets. If the Trump administration makes cuts, as they promise, then there is a great likelihood that many in our community will be seriously hurt.
The solution to some of these assaults lay in own hands. As a people, we must hire each other and support the remaining institutions within our control. We still have farms, houses of worship, non-profit service providers, businesses, schools, health care centers, and cultural centers. Innovative solutions like Black-owned “farm to community” food co-ops must greatly expand if we want to afford healthy food. Our advocacy organizations, e.g., nationally, NAACP, the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, the Urban League, and the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights; and locally, e.g., the Center for Law and Social Justice, political clubs and the wealth of charitable and organizations (like sororities, fraternities, ethnic benevolence societies, etc.) must expand their collaborations to reach even more members of our community. Now, more than ever, we must take care of ourselves!
At this “wake up” moment, we also need to re-assess our habits and ask ourselves, “What does my family and community need?” Is our “shopping” utilitarian or recreational? Most of us are not among “the rich and famous,” so we have no business attempting to emulate their lifestyles. Regularly supporting our local tailors, bakers, and restaurants may lead to our collective survival and prosperity. Putting our talents and skills to use for our people is imperative.
Our history in this country informs us that the prosperous “Black Wall Street” town in Tulsa, Oklahoma was real. There, we produced goods and transacted business. We didn’t merely consume. As we gear up for the battles ahead, let’s shed those aspects of our lives that are not serving us or our people. Let us appreciate what’s sacred to us: family and loved ones, our culture, our spirituality, and the eternal flame of love in our hearts. We sing this song for a purpose.
Stony the road we trod
Bitter the chastening rod
Felt in the days when hope unborn had died;
Yet, with a steady beat
Have not our weary feet
Come to the place for which our fathers sighed.
We have come, over a way
That with tears has been watered.
We have come, treading our path
Through the blood of the slaughtered.
Out of the gloomy past
Till now we stand at last
Where the white gleam of our bright star is cast…
… Let us march on till victory is won.
– “Lift Every Voice and Sing”, The Black National Anthem by James Weldon Johnson
These post 11.9 days are just another trial in our path. Let us march onward, toward freedom.
Information to Protect Your Vote!
When you head to the polls, make sure you are prepared! The Center for Law and Social Justice is pleased to provide this Election Protection Resource Sheet. On the sheet you will find phone numbers to call if you run into trouble, how to find out where you should vote and who is on your ballot and additional resources for Spanish speakers and members of the Asian American community. On election day, should you need to speak with someone, feel free to call us the Center for Law and Social Justice hotline at 718-804-8891. You can also download a pdf version of the resource sheet here.
The Handling of the Akai Gurley Case Reminds Us that
New York State Needs a Permanent Special Prosecutor
Special prosecutors are independent attorneys who are appointed to investigate, and if necessary prosecute, government officials for misconduct. They are typically used in cases where there is a significant risk that conflicts of interest will prevent traditional prosecutors (also known as “district attorneys” or “DAs”) from fairly and accurately seeking justice in the case.
Since its inception, the Center for Law and Social Justice has fought to have special prosecutors used in cases where police officers are accused of using excessive force that leads to the injury or killing of unarmed people. When one analyzes the cozy and intimate relationship between local DA offices and police departments and the continuing role of racism in the criminal justice system, it is clear that a permanent special prosecutor is absolutely necessary in these cases. In light of the way the Brooklyn DA’s office handled the sentencing of NYPD Officer Peter Liang for the killing of Akai Gurley, it is imperative that now, more than ever, the New York State Legislature and Governor Cuomo work to create a permanent special prosecutor to bring charges against police officers who are accused of using excessive force that leads to the injury or killing of unarmed citizens.